State Statutes

Performer Regulations

New York State Child Performer Regulations

The New York State Department of Labor issued Child Performer Regulations, effective April 1, 2013. The full text of the regulations and assessments on public comments can be found on the DOL website at: http://labor.ny.gov/legal/child-performer-regulations.shtm. The final regulations were published in the State Register on March 6, 2013, and will also be included in the New York Code of Rules and Regulations ("NYCRR") as 12 NYCRR Part 186. Before the regulations were adopted, SAG-AFTRA worked extensively with the DOL to ensure that minor performers were afforded necessary protections in the entertainment industry.  We are happy to report that many of our comments were taken into consideration and the final text reflects our collective bargaining agreements in many respects.

The adopted regulations call for the following:

  • A trust account must be established for child performers and employers are required to transfer 15 percent of earnings to the account to be held in trust until the minor is 18.
  • Child performers must obtain a permit from the DOL, which can be renewed annually. Likewise, all employers of child performers need to obtain employer certificates from the DOL.
  • Child performers below 16 years of age must be accompanied throughout the work day by a responsible person. In areas covered by SAG-AFTRA’s jurisdiction, the responsible person is the parent or someone named by the parent.
  • An employer must provide a nurse with pediatric practice experience, and a responsible person for each three or fewer children performers between the ages of 15 days and six weeks, and for each 10 or fewer child performers from ages six weeks to six months.
  • Employers are required to provide time and facilities for the education of child performers, regardless of where they are schooled, when their work schedules prevent them from fulfilling their educational requirement outside of work. Employers must provide certified or credentialed on-location teachers when needed.
  • Work hours are set forth according to the age of the child and the type of production. These work hours closely mirror those negotiated in our collective bargaining agreements.

SAG-AFTRA believes these regulations will help protect child performers by creating a safe and productive environment when they work in the New York entertainment and media industries. SAG-AFTRA will continue to monitor the regulations and work with the DOL to ensure best practices continue to evolve. If you have any questions, feel free to contact the following SAG-AFTRA staff members:

Sarah Tarlow, Senior Counsel                                         
(212) 827-1419                                                              
Sarah.Tarlow@sagaftra.org            

Huseina Sulaimanee, Case Manager
(212) 827-1528
Huseina.Sulaimanee@sagaftra.org                                 

Work Permit Requirements

Laws pertaining to work permits vary widely from state to state. Most states require a general work permit before a minor may engage in any type of employment.

In general:

  • Most states require a letter from your child’s school indicating that the child is in good academic standing before they will issue a permit.
  • You must also have a copy of your child’s birth certificate available.
  • Always check with your local school and your State’s Department of Labor regarding employment in your area.

Special Work Permits

States such as California, New York, Louisiana and New Mexico have special work permits and rules and proof of trust (a.k.a. Coogan) accounts for children who are employed in the entertainment industry. You will find information about those special permits and rules through the following links:

California: http://www.dir.ca.gov/dlse/DLSE-CL.htm

New York: http://www.labor.state.ny.us/workerprotection/laborstandards/secure/child_index.shtm

New Jersey: http://lwd.dol.state.nj.us/labor/wagehour/content/child_labor.html

New Mexico: http://www.dws.state.nm.us/careersolutions/CSS-WorkP.html 

Louisiana: http://www.laworks.net/Downloads/ORS/MinorIntentionToEmployForm.pdf

Work Permit Information

For more information about your state’s laws in relation to the employment of minors visit the following websites:

Alabama: http://www.alalabor.state.al.us/CD/Movie%20Release.pdf
http://www.alalabor.state.al.us/PDFs/Work_Permit_Application.pdf

Alaska: http://labor.state.ak.us/lss/childlaw.htm
http://labor.state.ak.us/lss/lssforms.htm

Arizona: http://www.azcommerce.com/Film/Child+Labor+Laws+(Arizona+Youth+Labor+Law).htm

Arkansas: http://www.ark.org/labor/divisions/standards_childlabor.html

Colorado: http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite/CDLE-EmployTrain/CDLE/1248095317847

Connecticut: http://www.ctdol.state.ct.us/wgwkstnd/faqs-minors.htm

Delaware: http://www.delawareworks.com/industrialaffairs/services/LaborLawEnforcementInfo.shtml

Florida: http://www.myfloridalicense.com/dbpr/reg/childlabor/index.html

Georgia: http://www.dol.state.ga.us/em/child_labor.htm

Hawaii: http://www.hawaiifilmoffice.com/film-permitting/filming-regulations/child-labor-law

Idaho: http://labor.idaho.gov/dnn/idl/LaborLaws/tabid/667/Default.aspx

Illinois: http://www.ilga.gov/commission/jcar/admincode/056/05600250sections.html

Indiana: http://www.in.gov/dol/childlabor.htm

Kentucky: http://www.oet.ky.gov/des/pubs/jobser/childlabor.pdf
http://labor.ky.gov/dows/doesam/kcll/pages/child-labor-law.aspx

Maine: http://www.maine.gov/labor/labor_laws/wagehour.html

Maryland: http://dllr.maryland.gov/labor/mosh/teenworkersguide.shtml

Massachusetts: http://www.mass.gov/?pageID=mg2subtopic&L=4&L0=Home&L1=Business&L2=Workplace+%26+Employees&L3=Child+labor+%26+apprenticeships&sid=massgov2

Michigan: http://www.michigan.gov/documents/Work_Permit_FACT_SHEET_July_2006_169123_7.pdf

Minnesota: http://www.dli.mn.gov/LS/ChildLabor.asp

Mississippi: http://www.mdes.ms.gov/wps/portal#null

Missouri: http://labor.mo.gov/DLS/YouthEmployment/

Montana: http://erd.dli.mt.gov/labor-standards/child-labor-law/103-montanas-child-labor-law-reference-guide.html
http://erd.dli.mt.gov/labor-standards/child-labor-law.html

Nevada: http://www.leg.state.nv.us/NRS/NRS-609.html

New Hampshire: http://www.labor.state.nh.us/youth_employment.asp

North Carolina: http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/rules1933/rules1933.html

Oklahoma: http://www.ok.gov/odol/Workforce_Protection/Child_Labor/

Oregon: http://www.boli.state.or.us/BOLI/WHD/CLU/index.shtml

Pennsylvania: http://www.dli.state.pa.us/landi/CWP/view.asp?a=185&Q=58124

Rhode Island: http://www.dlt.ri.gov/ls/childlabor.htm

South Carolina: http://www.llr.state.sc.us/Labor/wages/index.asp?file=childlabor.htm

South Dakota: http://dlr.sd.gov/lmic/lb/lbartapr07_youth_labor_laws.pdf

Tennessee: http://www.state.tn.us/labor-wfd/childlab.html

Texas: http://www.twc.state.tx.us/ui/lablaw/cllsum.html

Utah: http://www.laborcommission.utah.gov/FAQ.html#Minors

Vermont: http://www.labor.vermont.gov/

Virginia: http://www.doli.virginia.gov/laborlaw/laborlaw_faqs_childlaborlawp1.html
http://www.doli.virginia.gov/laborlaw/laborlaw_childworkpermits1.html

Washington State: http://www.lni.wa.gov/WorkplaceRights/TeenWorkers/default.asp

Wisconsin: http://www.dwd.state.wi.us/er/labor_standards_bureau/child_labor_laws.htm